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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 49-53

Somatic cell count: An indicator of intramammary infection in dairy animals


1 G.P. Koirala College of Agriculture and Research Center, Purbanchal University, Gothgaun, Nepal
2 Agriculture Instructor, Shree Kiran Amar Jung Gurung Higher Secondary School, Chitwan
3 Faculty of Animal Science, Veterinary Science and Fisheries, Agriculture and Forestry University, Rampur, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shankar Prasad Poudel
G.P. Koirala College of Agriculture and Research Center, Purbanchal University, Gothgaun
Nepal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mtsp.mtsp_4_21

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Mastitis, result of intramammary infections, exhibits serious economic problem in dairy sector due to the loss in milk yield and quality. Clinical and subclinical occurrence are common where subclinical cases are asymptomatic and need additional diagnostic tools for identification. Somatic cell counts (SCCs) in raw milk are an indicator for intramammary Intra-mammary infections (IMI) infections and thus helpful in subclinical mastitis forecasting. Somatic cells of 100,000 cells per ml are regarded as normal for uninfected milk and elevation above 200,000 cells per ml suspects IMI in cattle. The Somatic cell count (SCC) can be estimated with direct microscopic method or by flow cytometry. The major concerns of higher SCC are due to the hazardous effect on milk yield, milk quality, products processing, and pathogens that may have zoonotic importance. Good hygienic practices in shed and supplementations in rations can lower SCC and reduction of IMI. The regular monitoring of SCC is the pathway for early prediction of subclinical cases and assessing udder health management techniques for beneficent dairy business.


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