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   Table of Contents - Current issue
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July-December 2019
Volume 3 | Issue 2
Page Nos. 27-47

Online since Monday, March 23, 2020

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ORIGINAL ARTICLES  

Assessing the knowledge of private university students on self-medication practices, Malaysia p. 27
B Ganesh Pandian, P Sireesha, YP Ng, S Devan Raj, CY Law, C. E. M Patrick
DOI:10.4103/MTSP.MTSP_13_19  
Introduction: Self-medication is usually defined as an intake of any type of drugs for treatment without professional supervision to relieve an illness or a condition. College students prefer self-medication for minor illness to save time and money. The study aimed at assessing the knowledge on self-medication practice among medical and nonmedical university students. Materials and Methods: It is a prospective observational study and a total of 579 individuals were included. Study participants were selected by stratified random sampling from various faculties of a private university campus. Study population was divided into two groups as medical and nonmedical based on their faculty they belong to. A prevalidated questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge on self-medication practices. Questionnaire was distributed, and various data regarding their self-medication practice were collected and the collected data were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: The collected data showed that the knowledge of medical students on self-medication was better than the nonmedical group, and the study participants staying at hostel use over the counter (OTC) s more than the others. Conclusion: Self-medication practice was common among the university students which show the need for education regarding the rational use of OTCs. By doing this, the drug-related problems can be avoided and OTCs can be rationally utilized.
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Assessment of nutritional status of under 5-year-old children in Banadir Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia p. 32
Abdikadir Ahmed Omar, Nadira Mehriban
DOI:10.4103/MTSP.MTSP_12_19  
Background: Nutritional status of children is a proxy indicator for assessing the entire population health status and one of the major predictors of child survival. Despite the various efforts, malnutrition among children is remaining as a major public health problem in Somalia. The study objective was to assess the nutritional status of under 5-year-old children in Banadir Hospital, Mogadishu, Somalia. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 under-five children. Sociodemographic characteristic, usual dietary intake and assess adequacy, breastfeeding and complementary feeding pattern of the mothers, and anthropometric index of the children were collected by using semi-structured questionnaire. Results: Age categorized into 0–1 years old were 52.7%, 32.0% were 1–2 years old, 8.7% were 3–4 years old, and 6.7% were 4–5 years old. With mean and standard deviation of 17.44 ± 13.096, the age was the most critical variable because it was one of the scales of the Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) measurements and target objective of the study. MAC test showed that 49.3% of the children were severe, 16.0% of the children were mild malnourished, and 34.7% of the children were well-nourished children. Based on height-for-age chronic malnutrition, 16.0% of the respondents were severe, 14.7% of the respondents were moderate, 24.0% of the respondents were mild, and 45.3% of the respondents were normal. According to the weight-for-height acute malnutrition, 30.7% of the respondents were severe, 19.3% of the respondents were moderate, 10.7% of the respondents were mild, and 39.3% of the respondents were normal. Conclusion: The findings showed that the nutritional status of under-five children was quite poor. Also from the results, it is evident that malnutrition is still a major public health problem among young children due to the poor socioeconomic status (poverty and poor educational background) of their parents, and thus, there is a need for better nutrition of the Somali child.
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Study on the difference of weight reduction effect between high-intensity interval training and persistent aerobic exercise for female college students p. 38
Y Zhang, LL Sun
DOI:10.4103/MTSP.MTSP_6_19  
Objectives: The aim was to study the effect of persistent aerobic exercise and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on weight loss of female students. Methods: Seventy-two college students were selected as the research subjects, and they were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group. Thirty-six cases in the control group were doing the persistent aerobic exercise and 36 in the observation group were using the HIIT weight loss method. The waist-to-hip ratio, body weight, and body fat were observed and recorded in two groups. Results: The waist-to-hip ratio of female students in the control group was significantly lower than that in the observation group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The weight loss rate of female college students in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The changes in body fat in female college students in the control group were significantly greater than those in the control group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the continuous aerobic exercise method, the HIIT weight-loss method has a more significant effect on female college students' weight loss and has a certain safety.
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Study on the effect of music therapy on psychological intervention of patients after operation p. 41
RY Qin
DOI:10.4103/MTSP.MTSP_7_19  
Objectives: The objective was to explore the effect of music therapy on psychological intervention of patients after operation. Methods: The patients were divided into observation group and control group with an average of 68 patients after the outpatient operation. Routine psychological nursing was administered to the patients after operation in the control group and patients in the observation group were administered music therapy on the basis of routine psychological nursing. The psychological anxiety value of the two groups of patients was assessed by Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. At the same time, the blood pressure, pulse, and pain of the two groups of patients were compared. Results: The blood pressure, pulse, and pain degree of the patients in the observation group were better than those in the control group. The psychological anxiety value of the two groups was statistically significantly better than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Music therapy has an important influence on the psychological intervention of postoperative patients. Patients' psychological anxiety can be reduced by the use of music therapy at the same time will reduce the psychological anxiety of the patients, improve the psychological status of the patients, help the patients to maintain the stability of vital signs and help the patients recover after operation.
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Mutagenesis of cellulose synthase (CesA-Like) Gene in tomato using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/CAS9-system p. 44
Nurul Hidayah Samsulrizal
DOI:10.4103/MTSP.MTSP_11_19  
Background: During ripening, the changes in texture involved remodelling of cell walls of fruits including tomato and also alterations in tissue water relations caused by modifications in the cuticle. Aims and Objectives: To better understand the relationship between cell wall remodelling and fruit softening, an understanding of cell wall structure is necessary. Materials and Methods: Cellulose synthase gene that consists of cellulose synthase (CesA-like) plays important role in cellulose biosynthesis. However, CesA family genes are yet to be fully characterized in Solanaceae species. Results: In this study, we generated transgenic plants to test the role of CesA like gene in texture changes using tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) as a model system. We used the recently developed clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/Cas9 DNA editing technology to generate mutations in the target gene. Conclusion: Nevertheless, there was no mutation recovered in the CesA-like gene, and this indicates that this gene product is likely essential for regeneration of plantlets from tissue culture.
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